Let’s clarify power vs. energy using another example. It takes around one joule (a unit of energy) to lift a can of cola to your mouth. Whether this task takes a few seconds or an hour, the amount of energy required is exactly the same. In contrast, power describes how much energy is being used and how quickly. If you lift the can within one second, you’re using around one watt of power. However, if it takes 60 seconds to lift the can, you’d be exerting a 60th of one watt over the course of a minute.
Now that we understand the basics of energy and power, let’s move on to understanding what the specific units mean.
What is a watt?
A watt is a unit of power and is defined as a current of one ampere that is pushed by a voltage of one volt. So what does this mean in simple terms? Essentially the number of volts multiplied by the number of amps gives you the total number of watts used to power a device.
For instance, in a washing machine, around 10 amps are pushed by a voltage of 230 volts (the standard in the UK), which means the machine uses around 2,200W.
What is a kilowatt and a kilowatt hour?
A kilowatt is simply one thousand watts and is another measurement of power. ‘Kilo’ means a thousand.
However, kilowatt-hours is a very different measurement. If you were to use 1kW for one hour, you have 1kWh. You can find out more about the difference between kilowatts and kilowatt-hours in our handy guide.
What is a joule?
Joules have already been mentioned in this guide – remember we said it takes around one joule of energy for a person to lift a can of cola? A joule describes the amount of energy used when a force of one newton is applied to move an object over a distance of one metre.
How many watts are in a kilowatt hour?
Being able to calculate how many watts or kilowatts are in a kilowatt hour can help you to understand your energy usage. A kWh is simply 1,000W used over 60 minutes. So for example, a 100-watt light bulb that stays on for 10 hours would use 1kWh.
The number of watts in a kWh will obviously depend on how long the appliance or device is on for, so there are some calculations that you may need to do.
Firstly, check the wattage of the device. For instance, the packaging of a lightbulb will provide a wattage, such as 60W. This means it uses 60W for every hour it’s on. Therefore, divide the number of watts by 1,000 to take the number from watts into kilowatts. In our example, 60 divided by 1,000 is 0.06kW. Next, you’ll want to multiply this number by the amount of hours the device will be used, for instance, eight hours. 0.06kW multiplied by eight gives you 0.48kWh.
Around 3.6 megajoules are in 1kWh and a megajoule is one million joules. This means there are around 3.6 million joules of energy in a kWh.